Vincent van Gogh
THE PAINTER VINCENT WILLEM VAN GOGH, 1853-1890
Vincent Willem van Gogh was born in 1853 in Zundert in Brabant, a village near the Belgian border. He was the son of pastor Theodorus van Gogh and Anna Cornelia Carbentus.
Today, Van Gogh is considered one of the great painters of the 19th century, but probably only one painting was sold during his lifetime, so recognition as a great painter came later.
Vincent van Gogh worked in the art trade for about 7 years, where his love for art arose. In 1877 he moved to Amsterdam to prepare for a theology study. In 1878 he stopped his studies and moved to Brussels. Here he follows an accelerated training for evangelist. He later studied in Brussels as an artist, but moved back to his parental home in 1881. Then he came into contact with the Hague School, where he especially gave lessons and instructions. He then studied at the art academy in Antwerp and then moved to Paris.
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He learned the stipple technique from Paul Signac, who George Seurat introduced in 1886. His work became lighter under the influence of impressionism and he spent more and more time in the countryside to capture nature. In February 1888 Vincent moved to Arles in southern France, where he made some of his famous paintings, including Sunflowers and Yellow House.
During all these years Vincent's mental condition deteriorated. The contact with his brother Theo became more and more intense. Theo helped him out of financial trouble more than once. After years of mental illness and poverty, Vincent died tragically. He shot himself in the chest in 1890 at the age of 37.
The work of van Gogh
Vincent van Gogh's work falls under post-impressionism, the successor of impressionism. Van Gogh had a major influence on expressionism, fauvism and early abstraction. Van Gogh made 27 self-portraits, several landscapes and still lifes and is known for the stipple technique.
The Van Gogh museum in Amsterdam is dedicated to his work and his contemporaries.
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